Gezi’yi Dünya Devrimsel sürecin Türkiye uğrağı olarak okumalı!
9/11’den beri giderek yükselen huzursuzluk ve öfke dalgası, işgaller ve yağmalar gözlemcilere hem büyük bir krizin hem de ona eşlik edecek devrimsel bir dalganın yaklaştığını haber veriyordu. Hatırlarsanız daha 2000’den önce Pentagon raporlarında ve daha sonra Bush’un meşhur Milli Güvenlik belgesinde de yer almıştı bu öngörüler. Wall Street’in zirvesi Lehman Brothers’ı uçurumun kenarından aşağıya elbirliğiyle iterken, işin renginin değiştiği belli olmuştu. Bu olayı izleyen küresel krizle birlikte Avrupa’da Fransa, Yunanistan, İzlanda, İngiltere ve diğer bir çok ülkede baş gösteren toplumsal patlamalar, daha sonrasında Burma ve Honduras’da yaşanan askeri darbeler, Haiti’deki gibi ABD’nin doğal afeti bile jeo(ekonomi)politik fırsata çevirme girişimleri ve bu arada Wisconsin gibi direnişler ve grevlerin ABD içinde şiddetlenmesi açık sinyalleri ile bir dünya devrimsel dalganın artık yükseldiğini işaret ediyordu.
Bu sinyalleri takip edenler Kuzey Afrika’da ilk önce Tunus hemen arkasından Mısır’da patlak veren olayları doğru algılayabildiler. Zaten bölgede uzun zamandır huzursuzluk, kriz ve açlık kol geziyordu. Tahrir Meydanı işgalini takip eden bir ay içinde neredeyse bütün Kuzey Afrika tutuştu. Bölgenin BOP uygulama alanı olması ve isyanların yayılış hızı herkeste bir şaşkınlık yarattı ve puslu bir ortam doğurdu. Fakat bir iki ay içerisinde kıvılcımların Avrupa’ya da sıçraması; İspanya’nın başkenti Madrid’in Taksimi olan Puerta Del Sol’un 15 Mayıs’da başlayarak 1.5 ay işgal altında tutulması, halk meclislerinin ve işgal çadırlarının yurt dışında okuyan İspanyol öğrenciler ve göçmenler aracılığı ile yayılması ve farklı ülkelerde kurulan yerel ağlar aracılığı ile bunların sürdürülmesi sis perdesini dağıttı. İspanya’da olaylar başladığında kurulan Take The Square ağı ve Democracia Real Ya (DRY – Gerçek Demokrasi Şimdi) ağına bağlı bazı küçük grupların Facebook, IRC (sohbet) ve Mumble üzerinde yürüttükleri örgütlenme, 15 Ekim 2011 için yapılan ve Paris ve Lizbon’da yapılan ulusötesi meclislerde onaylanan Küresel Devrim eylemi çağrısının yayılmasında önemli rol oynadılar. Aynı dönemde New York ve Washington’da da İspanyol öğrencilerin tetiklediği meclisler toplanıyor ve çadırlı işgal denemeleri yapılıyordu. Canada’da yayınlanan Adbuster dergisinin 17 Eylül’de Wall Street’i İşgal Ediyoruz (Occupy Wall Street) çağrısı geldi. New York’da toplanmaya başlayan meclisler ve eylemci ağları bu çağrıya karşılık verdiler. Nihayet uzun ve İsrail, Şili, Yunanistan, İtalya, Hİndistan gibi bir çok ülkede ayaklanmaların yaşandığı sıcak 2011 yazını takiben Eylül ayına kadar uzanan süreçte İspanya, New York ve diğer ülkelerden eylemciler arasında internet üzerinden yoğun ve ağ-örgütlü çalışmalar yürütüldü. Onlarca yaratıcı video ve poster ortaklaşa üretildi ve elden ele gelişerek son halini aldı. İspanyol DRY ağının girişimi ile 15-18 Eylül’de Barcelona’da aralarında Tunus, İtalya, Yunanistan ve diğer ülkelerden gelen eylemcilerin bulunduğu uluslararası bir ‘Hub Toplantısı’ yapıldı. 17 Eylül günü ise Wall Street’i işgal amacı ile başlayan protesto Zucotti Park’ın işgali ile sonuçlandı. Bir hafta içinde polisin aşırı şiddet uyguladığı saldırılar başlayana kadar sadece sosyal medyada infial yaratan bu işgal Eylül sonuna doğru ana akım medyaya da yansımaya başladı. Böylece daha önceden belirlenen tarihi eylem olan 15 Ekim yaklaştıkça halk ve halklar, her yerde işgal çadırları kurmaya, her yeri bir Tahrir, bir Sakarya Komünü’ne çevirmeye hazırlanmıştı bile. ABD içinde Eylül ayının 17’si ile 15 Ekim 2011 arasında çadırlı kent merkezi işgalleri bütün eyaletlere yayılmıştı ve Avrupanın bir çok şehirlerinde de denemeler yapılmaya başlanmıştı. Böylece 15 Ekim 2011, Küresel Devrim günü eylemi, çadırları ve büyük meydan işgallerini gezegen boyutuna taşıdı. Aynı günde 90’ı aşkın ülke ve 1000’i aşkın şehir merkezi benzer şekilde işgal edildi, çadırlar ve halk meclisleri kuruldu.
With left parties on the rise in Spain and Greece, John Holloway reflects on his influential 2002 thesis: can we change the world without taking power?
Interview by Amador Fernández-Savater. Translated by Richard Mac Duinnsleibhe and edited by Arianne Sved of Guerrilla Translation.
In 2002, John Holloway published a landmark book: Change the World without Taking Power. Inspired by the ‘¡Ya basta!’ of the Zapatistas, by the movement that emerged in Argentina in 2001/’02, and by the anti-globalization movement, Holloway sets out a hypothesis: it is not the idea of revolution or transformation of the world that has been refuted as a result of the disaster of authoritarian communism, but rather the idea of revolution as the taking of power, and of the party as the political tool par excellence.
Holloway discerns another concept of social change at work in these movements, and generally in every practice—however visible or invisible it may be—where a logic different from that of profit is followed: the logic of cracking capitalism. That is, to create, within the very society that is being rejected, spaces, moments, or areas of activity in which a different world is prefigured. Rebellions in motion. From this perspective, the idea of organization is no longer equivalent to that of the party, but rather entails the question of how the different cracks that unravel the fabric of capitalism can recognize each other and connect.
But after Argentina’s “que se vayan todos” came the Kirchner government, and after Spain’s “no nos representan” appeared Podemos. We met with John Holloway in the city of Puebla, Mexico, to ask him if, after everything that has happened in the past decade, from the progressive governments of Latin America to Podemos and Syriza in Europe, along with the problems for self-organized practices to exist and multiply, he still thinks that it is possible to “change the world without taking power.”
Below text is an excpert from unpublished and unedited 2012 article Another World, Now! Coming of the Transnational REvolutions and the P2P Prince.
The modern prince, the myth-prince, cannot be a real person, a concrete individual. It can only be an organism, a complex element of society in which a collective will, which has already been recognised and has to some extent asserted itself in action, begins to take concrete form. (A. Gramsci)
Italian political activist and theorist Antonio Gramsci’s core concepts like hegemony, organic crisis, historic bloc, war of position and war of manoeuvre are central to our understanding of today’s complex global capitalist system as well as the catastrophic changes that are currently taking place in it. Referring to the original concept developed by Gramsci, global political economy theorist Stephen Gill describes the 2008 global financial turmoil as the manifestation of an organic crisis at the global level.  We can also read the outcomes of the global organic crisis following another neo-Gramscian theorist Robert Cox as a mixture of three scenarios he describes. First one is a global (military) Keynesian recovery being pushed by the West. Regional wars moving from the periphery to the centre involving massive destruction of lives, cities and the nature, as we witness it happening since the 9/11. The second scenario is the rise of global fascism in tandem with the regional wars. This has also been happening, especially increasingly in the centre, since 2007; highlighting the race to the bottom caused by the strengthening of totalitarian forms of capitalism at the main contenders like China, Russia and India. Finally and the last scenario is accompanying transnational revolutions, like the uprisings in the northern Africa, Americas and Europe also happening.
What brought humanity to this point is not a secret and also made clear by many thinkers, intellectuals, and activists. The above mentioned article by Gill is only one of the public records. It is very clear however where we have to drive history as the humanity, the third option: Transnational revolutions. Again, following Gramsci and Gill, we can think of the realisation of the transnational revolutions in relation to the ‘Prince’. For his time Gramsci thought of it as the collective subjectivity which will give the moral leadership to a wider counter-hegemonic historic bloc, and shape the form and content of the communist revolution in a national context. And it was the communist part of the working class. Gill referred to the anti- and alter-globalisation movement. Continue reading
A CHARTER FOR DEMOCRACY
This Charter was born of a deep malaise: lack of prospects, mass unemployment, cuts in social rights and benefits, evictions, political and financial corruption, dismantling of public services. It was drafted in reaction to the social majority’s growing lack of confidence in the promises of a political system devoid of legitimacy and the ability to listen.
The two-party system, widespread corruption, the financial dictatorship imposed by austerity policies and the destruction of public goods have dealt the final blow to a democracy long suffering from its own limits. These limits were already present in the 1978 Constitution. They can be summarized as a political framework that neither protects society from the concentration of power in the hands of the financial groups, nor from the consolidation of a non-representative political class. This political framework has established a system which is hardly open to citizen participation, and unable to construct a new system of collective rights for our protection and common development. This is evident in the fact that, despite some very significant public demonstrations, the demands of the vast majority of the population have repeatedly been ignored.
Faced with this institutional stonewalling and the growing separation between the rulers and the ruled, it seems there’s only one way out: a deep expansion of democracy based on citizen control over political and economic power. Surely, since what’s left of democracy is constantly shrinking and attempts at internal reform would only mean repeating the same mistakes, we must take a chance on changing the rules of the game – a democratic change, geared toward returning to society the effective decision-making ability over all which concerns it.
Chaos and dictatorship are not the only alternatives to the current democracy. A democracy created among all people is possible – a democracy not reduced to merely voting, but founded on participation, citizen control and equal rights.
This Charter emerged from the desire to contribute to this process of democratization. In this sense, it contributes from a place of joy, from the energy of citizen mobilizations, from politics happening outside political parties, speaking in first person plural and trying to build a life worth living for everyone. No doubt the impetus is democracy itself. People have the ability to invent other forms of governing themselves and living together. This text was created with the assurance that today’s struggles are the basis of the coming democracy.
As this is a proposal of democratization, this Charter is presented as an unfinished, long-term construction project, openly inviting anyone to participate. This charter isn’t meant to be a political program or an exhaustive catalogue of rights, nor does it pretend to be a static State model. Given our investment in democratization, it simply points towards the basic, necessary elements needed to reconstruct a new institutional model that is open to the collective needs, proposals and capacity for self-governance that has recently found its voice throughout streets, squares and networks. Seen this way, the participative, deliberative process we yearn for matters as much as its content, which should always be a faithful reflection of the proposals and aspirations of the citizenry.
In essence, this Charter calls for opening a new process of debate, leading to a political and economic restructuring to guarantee life, dignity and democracy. It’s presented here as a contribution towards establishing a new social contract, a process of democratic reform in which the people — the “anyones”— are the true protagonists.
It’s time for the citizens to appropriate public institutions and resources, in order to ensure their defense, control and fair distribution. In the public squares and networks, we’ve learned something simple and conclusive which will forever change our way of being in the world. We’ve learned that yes, we can.
Rights and Guarantees
A democracy worthy of the name requires universal recognition of a wide constellation of rights related to all areas of public life and social reproduction. The decline in access to benefits and social services, the plundering by the financial dictatorship, and the dismantling of public welfare systems by austerity policies in recent decades have all significantly undermined the means of effectively exercising these rights. Similarly, access to many of these rights is conditional upon nationality and employment status, which has ended up producing major exclusion. Moreover, the subordinate nature of social rights in the current Constitution has not allowed sufficient development of certain fundamental issues such as housing, employment and income.
In short, both the inherent limits of the current system and the impotence of the Spanish political regime in protecting the most basic of rights are strong enough reasons for the creation of a new institutional system of rights and guarantees that enable caring, the development of our lives, and access to political life.
This Charter puts forward a common starting point for defining a new system of rights. Today, these rights have arisen from the demands and struggles of society itself, and expressed through its multiple forms of organization and participation; as such they are the highest expression of the act of democracy.
These rights redefine social relations, the production and distribution of wealth, and relations between nation-states according to a concept of the human being as a subject with the right to autonomy, but still in deep interdependence with the common space s/he inhabits. To this extent, these rights oppose being characterized as merely individual attributions. These rights must be recognized from both a universal as well as a singular dimension.
In order to guarantee these rights, we require an institutional framework that recognizes and promotes access to an active and democratic political life, and the recognition of the right to collective and direct participation as a real opportunity for the expression of the citizens’ desire to decide on everything which significantly affects the community. This framework should also be fully inclusive; one that accepts that we live in a global world, and acknowledges people’s right to migrate and/or settle where they see fit, in order to live life fully. A framework that could safeguard a life – our own – which, being interdependent, requires protection. This would comprise institutions specifically designed to ensure social reproduction, while neither delegating care labor to particular social groups nor permitting the privatization of that labor. A framework which also guarantees and extends all the rights already recognized in existing frameworks, constitutions and declarations of human rights, and which also recognizes the environment wherein life takes place as a rights-holder that should be carefully defended. This framework must, in the end, recognize society as a source of rights, therefore it must be considered open and under constant construction.
The basic principles which inspire a new, robust Bill of Rights with a guarantee of institutional means are:
- Universality. All residents will have the same consideration and access to resources that guarantee the effective exercise of their rights.
- Singularity: Recognizing that there are realities, forms of organization and a diversity of needs, different types of rights must be taken into account, including specific forms of recognition as well as human resources and economic requirements, to the extent that we must preserve such diversity.
- No regression. Public authorities are not entitled, once these rights are recognized, to interpret them restrictively or to reduce them.
- Equality. Given that all rights — civil, political and social — are fundamental to the development of people’s lives, the relationship among them must be protected and cared for with the same constitutional and legal guarantees.
- Multi-institutional and democratic guarantee. Rights should not only be guaranteed by jurisdictional means but also through citizen participation and extra‑institutional organisms created by the persons entitled to the rights themselves. The social participation in the recognition, extension and guarantee of rights through the institutions of direct election and citizen intervention procedures must be explicitly admitted.
- Financial sufficiency. The development of these rights must be ensured with the necessary economic means. These means will be provided by fiscal reform measures established in the following paragraphs of this Charter.
Finally, it is understood that a subject of rights is also a subject of responsibilities, insofar as she or he is part of a community built around a common project. These responsibilities extend to the environment we inhabit, and include accepting the responsibility to care for it, protect it and enable its reproduction, and in doing so, our own. Such responsibility involves all citizens, but is distributed according to the differences of wealth and ability.
The crisis has shown that the decisions of the political class are increasingly controlled by financial interests, and therefore, that democratic Government is conditioned by private enterprise. This situation has lasting repercussions, having provoked a major crisis of legitimacy and representation, aggravated by a state of continued corruption and underscoring the serious lack of existing democratic control.
In any case, the limits of the political system are not recent; rather, they’re structural. These problems can be summed up as: bipartisanship; one-party government in most autonomous communities; difficulty creating new political options; media monopolies; and, especially, the enormous legal difficulties in reforming a Constitution which, moreover, has never been approved by most of the current population.
This is compounded by the fact that political parties – the major players in political life – have turned into a self-serving class, primarily geared towards its own propagation. Without a doubt, institutional obstacles to direct participation hamper the imagination and formation of a political framework founded upon the direct involvement of ordinary people in public affairs..
The decline of the current democracy manifests itself in neglecting the demands of different sectors of society, thus magnifying the distance between legislated policies and what the people say they need. This growing gap between the rulers and the ruled results in the democratic deficit of a system that has prioritized governability over representation and respect for minorities.
The limits of the current democratic system cannot be resolved from the same position from which they arose. Therefore, in order to establish a true democracy, an overhaul is needed.
This Charter advocates a form of democracy capable of returning decision-making power concerning the fundamental aspects of life back to the population. A democracy based on participation in social and political life, one which enables joint decisions on how we want to live. It is, therefore, a wager on a new political agreement built in an open way and with the active participation of citizens. A new agreement based on the recognition of society’s capacity to organize, create institutions, and self-govern.
The construction of this democracy requires a series of agile, effective, and transparent mechanisms articulated on different levels and geared towards both deepening direct participation and the control of delegation, via representation, as deemed appropriate.
Some actions that could give shape to a new democratic political system are as follows:
1. Democratization of public authorities
- Control of representation. Revocable mandates by a social majority and absolute transparency both in public accounts and the actions of the various organs of Government. Tightening of controls and penalties related to corruption, and the development of independent supervisory authorities with competence over different public institutions. Economic and temporal limits on political appointments: salary caps; an incompatibility regime before, during and after the appointment; and effective limits on the duration of the mandate.
- Democratization of the internal functioning of the parties. Transparency in party financing, clearly democratic internal statutes, and autonomy of the vote of representatives to ensure the internal plurality of organizations.
- Reform of the electoral representation system. Removing privileges accorded to parties in the assignation of representatives; modification of lists system; eliminating minimum quota of proportionality; mechanisms of recognition and respect of minorities, as well as balance between the different territories.
- These mechanisms for democratization, openness and citizen control will be extended to other areas of collective representation, such as social and labor organizations, as well as the media, given their relevance in public life.
2. Recognition and extension of the ways of participation and direct democracy
- Recognition and expansion of direct democracy tools, such as popular legislative initiatives, referendums and virtual tools of participation.
- Recognition of citizen control instruments in all areas of the main branches of government, as well as on public accounts. The recognition of such instruments requires transparency laws and the development of flexible mechanisms for public hearing. Recognition of other social organizations acting as control mechanisms or political representatives.
- Developing mechanisms for collective deliberation: Favoring the development of methodologies for democratic deliberation, both virtual and analog, that promote shared decision making. These mechanisms will be essential in the development of new legislations and their budgets.
- Extension of the mechanisms enabling direct participation at all administrative levels, and management of public goods and common assets such as school boards, health councils, labor councils as well as local, regional and inter-regional councils.
3. Recognition of popular constituent power as the ultimate source of the constitution and the powers of the State
- Promotion of a model of open constitutionalism which allows reformation of constitutional standards from below, prevents foreseeable constitutional stonewalling, enables citizen reform initiatives and promotes permanent deliberation.
- The autonomous, independent forging of institutions for the self-regulation and development of rights generated by the social structure itself will be recognized and favored.
A mature political democracy will not only allow for the real and effective separation of the different powers of the state, but also for direct citizen control of the latter. According to this charter, the judiciary, state police, and security forces will also be subject to the same requisites of transparency, democratization and citizen control. Its ranking heads shall not be chosen by political representatives but directly by the citizenry itself.
A democratic society cannot be conceived without the guarantee of the necessary material support for the development of a dignified and politically active life. A democratic society without a fairer distribution of wealth cannot be conceived.
The high unemployment figures, the widespread insecurity, the spiral of evictions, the debt slavery condemning a large part of the population, the privatization of public services, the enormous concentration of wealth and the subordination of public economies to banking interests all point in the opposite direction: inequality and economic subordination of the many (99%) to a few (1%).
The current democracy as well as the constitutional guarantees on which it is based have been completely ineffective in avoiding this situation. None of the mechanisms set out in the Constitution of 1978 – social rights, labor rights, public initiatives in the economic sphere and the subordination of the wealth to the social interest, among others – have been able to protect society from economic and financial interests. Neo-liberal policies have prevailed above any other criteria, including the common good. This despoilment is most evident now, in the midst of the crisis.
This Charter intends to recover the social resources which have been privatized and concentrated into a few hands, in order to make them available for a real democratic process. Thus, the framework proposed by austerity politics will not be accepted. Never before has there been so much wealth, but rarely has this been distributed so poorly and under such undemocratic and unfair criteria. Therefore, a full review of the functions of economic policies is required, in order to prioritize of the welfare of the population over private, financial and corporate profit. A real, and not just formal, recognition that the laws of the market must always be subsumed to the social functions of the economy is essential.
With the aim of promoting economic democracy, this charter considers five basic pillars:
1. Financial democracy
Financial wealth will be considered as a common resource, upon which the citizenship must have the capacity and ability to influence. “Who regulates are the people, not the market” is the maxim that inspired this point. To do so, procedures will be established for democratic decision making on the debt contracted during recent years, as well as on financial and real estate assets in public hands derived from the restructuring of financial markets and the banking sector. To this end, the following measures are proposed:
- Citizen Debt Audit. This proposal allows distinction between those debts which are legitimate and those which are not. This audit will be articulated as a social process of democratic and financial education, whereby citizens may acquire greater capacity for decision making and control over the financial economy.
- Creation of public utility institutions, with financial and real estate assets resulting from successive restructuring. These institutions, under strict democratic control, will serve the promotion of economic equality and social development.
2. Tax reform
The object of the reform entails the promotion of a broad redistribution of expenditures and benefits, so that a formal equality is also a guaranteed real material equitability with access to common and public goods.
- Major proposals: the restoration of the principles of proportionality and escalation for both labor income and corporate profits; the implementation of new taxes on financial transactions and higher taxes on capital income; the decrease of indirect and consumption taxes, and prosecution of tax fraud. Tax reform will be based on a criteria of equality and equal tax treatment, as well as territorial solidarity.
3. Common and public goods
Privatization processes have shown that public administrations have not protected public resources against attempts at appropriation by private interests. The social recovery of these goods, as well as the democratization of their management, must guarantee their accessibility by the population as a whole.
- All goods and basic infrastructure needed for the reproduction of life, political participation and the normal function of the economy will have the status of public-common goods. These public-common goods shall include: education, health, housing, security, transportation, information, and justice; important natural resources including water, atmosphere, soil, oceans, coasts, rivers and riverbanks, forests and natural areas of ecological and aesthetic importance; and major roads, highways, interchanges, railway infrastructure, ports, and the like.
- Strategic resources and sectors of the economy, such as communications, energy, or mineral resources, will be reverted to a condition of public–common resources. The administration of those resources will be subject to a strict public and democratic control. This will effectively reverse the tendency towards privatization that has been promoted in the last decades.
- Public-common assets shall neither be alienated nor sold by public administrations. Being public-common property, they are considered the property of all persons residing in the Spanish State.
- Public-common assets shall be managed in a democratic way, regulated and governed both by mechanisms of citizen participation and expert communities required for each case.
4. Promotion of the Social Economy and Democracy in Economic Relations
This Charter promotes citizen participation in business-related decision-making processes, especially in matters which could be crucial to the common interest. In addition, economic activity will be subordinated to criteria of integral profitability, i.e. social, environmental and economic.
- It encourages the development of a new business model based on the principles of the social economy, cooperativism, and respect for the environment.
- All companies should progressively organize around the following principles: equity, respect for the environment, transparency, and sustainable development. Equally, controls over wage distribution in companies will be observed, forestalling the present model of speculative accumulation and extravagant salaries, while rigorously vetoing the increase of precarious labor.
- The fundamental principles of labor rights will be observed: the right to work freely or in exchange for just compensation; the protection of workers in situations of dependence; the right to rest and to retire; the right to autonomy and to dignified lives independent of wage labor, along with the right to strike, to form unions and to freely associate and assemble.
5. The expansion of social protection, the recognition of common resources, and the right to a dignified life
Our current system of Social Security is principally funded by income tax contributions and is only inclusive according to criteria of national legal identity. In a globalised context, where employment is scarce and non-remunerated work is seen as essential to the production of wealth, migration has become an elemental necessity for an impoverished population. As such, the prior bases of our system of social protection have proven to be increasingly inefficient and less inclusive.
An expansion of the pension system to comply with just and sufficient standards is required. Another requirement is an expansion of the support mechanisms and infrastructures for collective caretaking, which presently falls almost exclusively on families (particularly, women). Child-rearing duties are a collective responsibility with the following two requirements: the necessary budgetary development and allocation, and the creation of common infrastructures.
The production of non-GDP quantified wealth (in areas such as research, study, cultural, informational or communicative production) shall also be acknowledged through mechanisms for the recognition of all such non-remunerated wealth (such as a Basic Income), along with the creation of all the necessary infrastructures for the development of such mechanisms.
This new system of guarantees will be financed by the proposed measures for fiscal reform, especially through the taxation of financial profit and its circulation, while also reducing the proportion of income tax.
The current financial and economic crisis has shown the weakening of democracy at every level, as well as the fragility of territorial wealth-sharing mechanisms. The dictates of financial governance through austerity policies have established an extraordinary geography of inequality, plunging some countries and regions into the economic and social abyss.
The result is an important territorial split opening up both at the European level and in the Spanish state. In Europe, the absence of democratic intervention mechanisms and the crisis of sovereign debt have created a growing rift between a protected center and an increasingly impoverished periphery. In the Spanish state, the heavy indebtedness of municipalities and regions is leading to the dismantling of social protection systems and the sale of many public goods.
Both cases show a growing loss of territorial solidarity and the legitimacy of government institutions. This threatens a collapse that can only be addressed through a complete institutional reorganization based on democracy and territorial stewardship.
This charter invites discussion for a new territorial agreement at all levels, based on a radically democratic model. It is based on the assumption that decisions about the management of resources and services should be developed at the minimum level of the territorial unit, and forms of the distribution of wealth must be organized within the larger Commons to ensure equity between the territories.
In this way, it is intended to minimize the inequalities between them, compensating for the inequalities generated by models of territorial jurisdiction.
The new territorial agreement model shall be the result of democratic consultation and cooperation among the various territorial units. It should acknowledge the widest possible plurality, and build itself up from its residents’ right to democratically decide on their belonging or not to the different territorial units.
Territorial Democracy will be based on the following principles.
- Joint responsibility and equality. Membership in the political association involves the acceptance of certain rules and communal constitutions, as well as the acceptance of a taxation system and a communal budget sufficient to correct social and territorial inequality. The new tax system shall be based on progressiveness and fiscal equity.
- Subsidiarity. The management of resources and services as well as decisions on matters of public interest must be reduced to the minimum territorial unit in which it is most accessible to those residents responsible for such management or decisions. All services that can be better managed at smaller territorial scales will be managed at this level.
- Financial autonomy and sufficiency. Each territorial unit must have an appropriate budget for the provision of those services for which it is responsible. This budget will be autonomously administered by the democratically managed citizen organisms established for this purpose. Moreover, this budget will not only be guaranteed by its binding resources, but additionally by territorial compensation mechanisms established at different territorial scales. Autonomy in the management of said budget does not exempt those territorial units from the provision of certain services and fiscal obligations to the supra-territorial treasury.
The institutional development of the different territorial scales will be carried out starting from the following principles:
1. Deepening of political democracy: self-government
- To reclaim and develop all areas of participation and decision at every scale, building on the aforementioned formulas: the democratization of public powers and the extension of citizen participation and direct democracy mechanisms.
- In accordance with the subsidiarity principle there shall be an inclination, whenever the scale of the processes and resources involved allows, toward developing local and direct democracy at a scale closest to the people, i.e., local governments and towns.
- The democratic re-founding process is proposed not only at the Spanish State level, but also for the rest of the territorial scales.
2. Acknowledgement of the different scales and territorial realities and solidarity among them
- The forms of political union which may result from these democratization processes shall take as their aim the rejection of the current forms of territorial competition, as well as wealth redistribution at all levels; from the supra state levels, to those which are immediate to people, such as townships.
- European Union. The establishment of real fiscal, budgetary and banking cohesion directed at the practical elimination of the growing economic and social inequalities between countries, as well as of the controlling interests of the financial sector.
- The Spanish State, the current autonomous communities and whichever territorial entities that shall arise from the territorial constitution processes. The principle of fiscal equity shall be accepted, the existence of a joint budget, and the wealth redistribution according to the equitable methods of the territorial distribution.
- Municipalities. Financing and budgets, besides being subject to strict citizen control, will be guaranteed by distributive mechanisms accorded at the highest scales (regional, state-level and European Union) so as not to be dependent on property and land speculation.
3. The European scale of the process
- In the European sphere, a new constitution shall guarantee all the fundamental rights for every part of the Union, the political participation possibilities, the share-out conditions and the distribution of wealth, and a thoroughly democratic political structure.
- In the case that these minimums would not be guaranteed by the European Union, the various comprising territories could develop new territorial alliances from their own constituent political processes, in order to guarantee the previously mentioned principles and therefore their own collective survival.
- Translated by Jaron Rowan, Jaime Palomera, Lucía Lara, Lotta, Diego and Stacco Troncoso, edited by Jane Loes Lipton – Guerrilla Translation!
- Images by Clismón
- Original text, published at MovimientoDemocracia.net
This is the first global Mumble call to evaluate the launching of the worldwide #waveofaction, by participants across the world, on the 6th of April 2014, Sunday 13:00 London time. We love to meet and exchange our visions and ideas of global change, and how to ride the worldwide wave further in 2014 so that it becomes a plentary tsunami of awereness and change through collective, peaceful, radical, and networked action.
Date: 06 April 2014
Time: 13:00-15:30 PM (UK time)
Mumble Server: Occupy Talk
Server: occupytalk.org (has to be written exactly as it is)
Channel: Assemblies and Round Tables > OPEN SPACE
Nickname: Your name/nick
To those who are new to Mumble, it is recommended to join the meeting room 15-30min before the set time, in order to work out any technical problem that might occur at the spot!
How to join in a Mumble call?
If need help about using Mumble please ask beforehand by sending direct message on the GNUnion fb page.
Networganize and GNUnite to Knock-out PRISM!
Assembly call and information on ON workgroup:
Working Pad: http://titanpad.com/metastrike
The target of the meeting is not to figure out or discuss overall organisational tactics or strategies but to create commons tools for all autonomous groups’ use, so all networks which would invovle on the road can benefit and adopt to their self-determined strategy and tactics. Please invite interested with relevant skills for the preperatorty meeting which is taking place on the 16th of march, on Union Solidarity International’s BigBlueButton (BBB) server, which is hosted by May First-People Link. To join the meeting you do not need to download any software.
How to Join:
1. Browse to https://usilive.org/
2. Login, register or connect via one of your social media accounts.
3. Scroll-down and see on the right hand column ‘BIGBLUEBUTTON’ window.
4. Chose ‘Austerity in Greece’ in the ‘Meeting:’ bar and click join
0. Intro round and agenda formation
The below are some initial tasks needs to be discusses and taken further.
1. Collection and creation of pool for strike ideas
2. Collection and creation of material, audio, video, posters, caps..
3. Preparing basic multi-lingual networked-pads for twitter storm and facebook mob. teams
4. List of large accounts, bloggers, media links
5. Intelligence working group on PRISM contractors
Join in our other transnational networganizing efforts in progress…
GNUnion – Global Networked Labour Union
WED, 2/26/2014 – BY BERNARDO GUTIÉRREZ
From the Internet to the streets. Indignation and occupation. Police violence and calls to action without the typical go-betweens. Choral assemblies and revolts difficult to classify. A wish for participatory democracy and empowerment. Brazil’s so-called “June Journeys” —a 2013 period that witnessed a protest breakout— placed the South American giant on the global revolt map. They shared the call-to-action format, protest architecture and other imaginaries of Occupy Wall Street, 15M, #YoSoy132 and DirenGezi.
However, Brazil’s protests embodying the #VemPraRua cry had their own personality, as well as their clear singularities. The first difference strives in that the revolts initiated by the Movimento Passe Livre did not crystallize into a new network movement with its own name.
All the fists of the world are GNUniting!
First Brainstorm – Online Meeting This Sunday at 13.00 PM GMT
We are the workers whose free labour and privacy has been stolen, and sold
for greed! We have been abused, spied on and betrayed constantly. Before
this massive exploitation and surveillance machine turns into a global
apparatus in the hands of fascism, being operationalized for direct
oppression, we have to unite our fists and strike back!
This May Day is the time… How and what is not decided yet, there are
initial ideas but much is needed to put the global collective intelligence
at work to defend our and our children’s rights and dignity! Join us this
Sunday and bring your most free, creative, powerful and peaceful ideas and
dreams along… We did beat Freon, Caesars, Barons, Kings, Emperors,
Merchants, Industrial Capitalists and Nazis in the past, we can beat the
TNCs, CEOs and 1% as well!
We call all the workers, hackers, makers, farmers, artists, indignant and
outraged to GNUnite all their constructive capacity around the most
spectacular free libre and open sourced swarm to fight back and win!
Hasta la Siempre Victoria!
Facebook Event: https://www.facebook.com/events/593164267417330/
HashTags: #WREF, #www
#www call: http://gnunion.wordpress.com/www/
Hosted by GNUnion – One Big Meshwork for All the Working People
Again, 2014 will be full of struggles, actions and mobilisations for a real global change. This Mumble call will be about starting a new series of forums and assemblies that are open to all individuals who will able to make independent efforts from any corporate, state and NGO funded agenda and; who could be exactly themselves when changing the world, when getting together, discussing and collaborating with others; either as a part of a collective, group, network or individually, and by using either online, or face to face means, or both.
Global Networked Labour Union, GNUnion – One Big Mesh Network, is the released 1.0 Beta version of new generation, free to join, borderless worker self-organisation, a work in progress. Its main ispiration is the history, struggle and experiences of Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) on the one hand, and free-libre, and open source software GNU/Linux, on the other.
GNUnion is also inspired by comrades standing against global capitalism in women, Lgbt, immigrant, environmental and social justice movements, Zapatistas, anti & alter golobalisation movements, social forums, free knowledge- information and culture movements; as part of organisations like WikilLeaks, Caos Computer Club, MayFirst People Link, or of recent wave of digital and real world uprisings Anonymous, 15M, Occupy, Gezi and others.
1 Aberdeen, UK — https://www.facebook.com/events/520242768062009/
2 Abilene, Texas — https://www.facebook.com/events/176857429169171/
3 Abuja, Nigeria — https://www.facebook.com/events/392544020865479/
4 Adelaide, SA, Australia — https://www.facebook.com/events/675192722497614/
5 Agua Prieta, Sonora, Mexico — https://www.facebook.com/events/229149620575698/
6 Albany, New York — https://www.facebook.com/events/1391080721130915/
7 Allentown, Pennsylvania — https://www.facebook.com/events/706846972677017/
8 Amarillo, Texas — https://www.facebook.com/events/161322154070322/
9 Amsterdam, Netherlands — https://www.facebook.com/events/280464592090451/
10 Amsterdamn, Netherlands (2) — https://www.facebook.com/events/231574673641591/
11 Anchorage, Alaska — https://www.facebook.com/events/467250456727824/
12 Ankara, Turkey — https://www.facebook.com/events/358741054261719
13 Ann Arbor, Michigan — https://www.facebook.com/#!/events/694777357216577/
14 Annapolis, Maryland — https://www.facebook.com/events/672907289410628/
15 Antalya, Turkey — https://www.facebook.com/events/358741054261719
16 Aosta, Italy — https://www.facebook.com/events/171677333013961/
17 Athens, Greece —https://www.facebook.com/events/547106395362219/
18 Atlanta, Georgia (2) — https://www.facebook.com/events/494295027326302/
19 Atlanta, Georgia — https://www.facebook.com/events/524855410916380/
20 Auckland, New Zealand — https://www.facebook.com/events/409122629197756/
21 Auckland, New Zealand — https://www.facebook.com/events/444077432373727/
22 Augusta, Maine — https://www.facebook.com/events/180903655433605/
23 Austin, Texas — https://www.facebook.com/events/459778174117489/
24 Bahia Salvador, Brazil — https://www.facebook.com/events/684415568238229/
25 Bakersfield, California — https://www.facebook.com/events/488842507859700/
26 Baltimore, Maryland — https://www.facebook.com/events/451364044983743/
27 Bangalore, India — https://www.facebook.com/events/118583928349266/
28 Barcelona, Spain — http://pastebin.com/C1kNu0ye
29 Bari, Italy — https://www.facebook.com/events/174348506080805/
30 Baton Rouge, Louisiana — https://www.facebook.com/pages/Million-Mask-March-Baton-Rouge/213189838849392
On October 25th, once again, the FCForum in Barcelona will analyse the advances of the past twelve months and will consider the future outlook in the struggle for democracy in the digital era, free culture and net neutrality.
Year after year, the FCForum serves as a civil society tool, to move forward, analyse and answer questions and observe practices that actively grapple with them. Continuing the work carried out at the FCForum in 2011 and 2012, which looked at the increasing use of the net as a tool for democratic transformation – this year it will go further into some specific issues, such as the use and misuse of Big Data, electronic voting and electronic money, and how citizens can use them to achieve a society worthy of being called democratic in the twentieth century.
We want to make this Firework Night one which David Cameron will remember and remember for a long time!
The actions will be many and various, ranging from occupations of public space to occupations of banks, from online petitioning to blocking roads, from leafleting with the rail unions against the privatized rail companies to student occupations.
We are hoping for three waves of action: one in the morning, one at lunchtime and one in the evening. And at the end of the day the local out-sourcing contracts, the welfare legislation, the loan company adverts will all make a splendid bonfire…and you can choose whether the guy is Cameron, Gove, Clegg or Osborne.
More information to follow. Post your actions / ideas below
They hacked for pirates, for WikiLeaks, for Tunis, for Egypt, for Bahrain, for Syria, for Occupy, for 15M, for Chapullers, for all others, for all of us!
They took the streets and occupied with us, they marched with us…
They are us and we are them…
Now it is our turn! This time we are all Anonymous!
This year #15O is #5N.
This year we march all, together with Anonymous!
All marches walk towards intersection!
All sectors will bring their stregth together for Global Change!
We might not be united as one, and well be devided all over! We might not be a legion, not even 9% in numbers.. yet!
But we can show to the world that we swarm all together damn good!
They should better get ready and Expect Us!!
We join #5N… If only we do it all together….
One for all and all for one
FB Event Anon: https://www.facebook.com/events/505027169551591/
FB Event Occupy Turkey – https://www.facebook.com/events/358741054261719/
Let$s fuck the system peacefully! 🙂
Image by Olmo Calvo
Translated by Stacco Troncoso, edited by Jane Loes Lipton – Guerrilla Translation!
How is it possible that fifty people can stop a forced eviction? Not just once, but over and over again (as many as six hundred times). This question has been on my mind for a while. During the 25-S protests in Madrid 1, we saw for ourselves that the police can evict any number of protestors from anywhere. So, exactly what sort of strength allows those fifty people to stop a foreclosure eviction? What does it mean to have strength, if it’s not quite the same as having power (physical, quantitative, economic, institutional, etc.)? The following is my attempt at an answer that, by no means, fully exhausts the question. That is to say, there’s room for more answers and, above all, to keep asking the question – this, I believe, is the most important thing.
War of Position and War of Maneuver
I’m veering offroad for a bit before heading back to the highway, that being the question of how a handful of people have the strength to defend a home. Let´s look at the debate on the meaning of revolution carried out in Marxism between the two World Wars, where we’ll focus on the approach favoured by the Italian Marxist, Antonio Gramsci. At first it may seem like an odd jump, but it concerns a debate that is markedly contemporary, that the past doesn’t quite “pass”; it’s a rich deposit of images and knowledge, prone to updates and renewed sense-making from the perspective of our present problems and necessities.
Gramsci enters the debate making a distinction between a “war of maneuver” and a “war of position”. The concept of class struggle as war, described in military strategy terms, was prevalent in the Marxism of the time. What’s more, Gramsci was writing from Mussolini’s prison, and continually obliged to come up with new metaphors to evade censorship. Paradoxically, his use of cryptic and elusive language, rather than classical Marxist vocabulary, made Gramsci’s work a thousand times more useful as a source of inspiration for future readers.
1) ENGLISH : 2013 World Revolution: Road to #15O – Open Space in Mumble.
2) PORTUGUÊS: Revoluçao Mundial 2013. Rumo ao #15O: Espaço Aberto no Mumble.
3) TURKÇE: 2013 Dünya Devrimi: 15-O’ya giden yol – Mumble’da Açık Platform
4) ESPAÑOL: Revolución Mundial 2013- Rumbo al #15O. Open Space en Mumble
This is a call for an Open Space in Mumble for a massive brainstorm on the 15-O to come.
THIS SUNDAY JULY 21ST. At 18:00 GMT. This means: London: 19:00 / Madrid: 20:00 / Istanbul: 21:00 / Rio de Janeiro: 15:00 / New York: 14:00.
Mumble: occupytalk.org server < OPEN SPACE chatroom.
WELCOME TO THIS OPEN SPACE ON 15-O
What will 15-O look like this year, after the emergence of exciting new movements in Turkey, Brazil and elsewhere? 15-October is the symbol of the global change movement which was born in the day of the unbelievable global blast of 10/15/2011. On that day, rivers of people demonstrated in more dozens of countries, in hundreds of cities around the world, under a common meme: “United for global change”.It was a captivating glimpse of the possible better world to come. This year´s 15-O may be an opportunity to move further, all together, in the common quest for a sane and just future for all. This Open Space is a continuation of the 1st Open Space in Mumble – “How can we connect now our struggles and squares to create a global change?” and a call to start dreaming wildly with this year´s 15-O.
Bring your core ideas and proposals, your free hands and open ears to this Open Space, and feel free to think outside of the box and brainstorm without restrictions of the potentialities of the global change we are creating all together. The truth is we are making history collectively and don´t have to repeat the old stuff: we are free to imagine something totally unseen together. What will 15-O look like this year? What will it be? There will be plenty of space for yours and everyone else´s contributions. Drop by Mumble on Sunday 21st at and be prepared to be surprised.
HOW TO JOIN MUMBLE
REPORT FROM THE 1ST OPEN SPACE
Around 75-80 activists participated to the online forum held on 27 June 2013. Participants were from:
- 15M Madrid, Barcelona, Spain,
- Occupy London UK,
- Grenoble France,
- Bielefeld Germany,
- Istanbul, Turkey
- Tblisi, Georgia,
- Vancouver Canada
- Florida San Francisco USA
- Czech Republic
- Vienna, Austria
- Lecce, Italy
- Rome, Italy
- IrelandYou can find the minutes and the working document coming out of the forum here: Howcanweconnectnowourstrugglesandsquarestocreateaglobalchange
Besides, in this collaborative pad we are collectively collecting a calendar with action calls: http://titanpad.com/internationalcallXactionsFeel free to add what’s missed and propose a different way of building a collective map where we could easily upload different callsAnd this pad was formed: http://titanpad.com/stoprepression to build a call against repression, please collaborate.The date of the next Forum according to the Doodle we called for is Tuesday 16 July 2013, at 18.00 GMT+01 (London time).There will soon be the call for this second forum circulated.In solidarity!